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A scholarship is offered for pursuing a PhD in the context of IST for healthcare. The scholarship is granted by the following government funded project: IPANEMA (Integrated Pattern-Adaptive optical NEurostimulator with Multi-site recording Array).
Admission period: until October 18, 2017 (15:00 pm GMT+1)
Participation of the Instituto de Microelectrónica de Sevilla in the European Researchers' Night.
September 29, 2017
♦ Doctoral Thesis defense
Design of analog and mixed signal circuits with physical design and variability considerations.
Antonio Toro Frías
September 29, 2017
♦ Master's Dissertation defense
- Design of Low-Noise Neural Recording Amplifiers with Embedded Chopped Modulation.
Norberto Pérez Prieto
-Hardware Real Time High Speed Motion Detection using Dynamic Vision Sensor (DVS).
Sahar Hosseini
September 27, 2017

European Researchers' Night

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Recent publications
Vulnerability Analysis of Trivium FPGA Implementations  »
Today, the large amount of information ex-changed among various devices as well as the growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) demand the development of devices that ensure secure communications, preventing malicious agents from tapping sensitive data. Indeed, information security is one of the key challenges to address within the IoT field. Due to the strong resource constraints in some IoT applications, cryptographic algorithms affording lightweight implementations have been proposed. They constitute the so-called lightweight cryptography. A prominent example is the Trivium stream cipher, one of the finalists of the eSTREAM project. Although cryptographic algorithms are certainly simpler, one of their most critical vulnerability sources in terms of hardware implementations is side channel attacks. In this paper, it is studied the vulnerability of field-programmable gate array (FPGA) implementations of Trivium stream ciphers against fault attacks. The design and implementation of a system that alters the clock signal and checks the outcome is also described. A comparison between real and simulated fault injections is carried out in order to examine their veracity. The vulnerability of different versions of the Trivium cipher and their routing dependences has been tested in two different FPGA families. The results show that all versions of the Trivium cipher are vulnerable to fault attacks, although some versions are more vulnerable than others.

Journal Paper - IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, first online, 2017 IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/TVLSI.2017.2751151    ISSN: 1063-8210    » doi
F.E. Potestad-Ordonez, C.J. Jimenez-Fernandez and M. Valencia-Barrero
Sun sensor based on a luminance spiking pixel array  »
We present a novel sun sensor concept. It is the very first sun sensor built with an Address Event Representation (AER) spiking pixel matrix. Its pixels spike with a frequency proportional to illumination. It offers remarkable advantages over conventional digital sun sensors based on Active Pixel Sensor (APS) pixels. Its output data flow is quite reduced. It is possible to resolve the sun position just receiving one single event operating in Time-to-First-Spike (TFS) mode. It operates with a latency in the order of milliseconds. It has higher dynamic range than APS image sensors (higher than 100dB). A custom algorithm to compute the centroid of the illuminated pixels is presented. Experimental results are provided.

Journal Paper - IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 17, no. 20, pp 6578-6588, 2017 IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2017.2749414    ISSN: 1530-437X    » doi
J.A. Lenero-Bardallo, L. Farian, J.M. Guerrero-Rodriguez, R. Carmona-Galan and A. Rodriguez-Vazquez
Gaussian Pyramid: Comparative Analysis of Hardware Architectures  »
This paper addresses a comparison of architectures for the hardware implementation of Gaussian image pyramids. Main differences between architectural choices are in the sensor front-end. One side is for architectures consisting of a conventional sensor that delivers digital images and which is followed by digital processors. The other side is for architectures employing a non-conventional sensor with per-pixel embedded preprocessing structures for Gaussian spatial filtering. This later choice belongs to the general category of " artificial retina" sensors which have been for long claimed as potentially advantageous for enhancing throughput and reducing energy consumption of vision systems. These advantages are very important in the internet of things context, where imaging systems are constantly exchanging information. This paper attempts to quantify these potential advantages within a design space in which the degrees of freedom are the number and type of ADCs, single-slope, SAR, cyclic, Sigma Delta, and pipeline, and the number of digital processors. Results show that speed and energy advantages of preprocessing sensors are not granted by default and are only realized through proper architectural design. The methodology presented for the comparison between focal-plane and digital approaches is a useful tool for imager design, allowing for the assessment of focal-plane processing advantages.

Journal Paper - IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I-Regular Papers, vol. 64, no. 9, pp 2308-2321, 2017 IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/TCSI.2017.2709280    ISSN: 1549-8328    » doi
F.D.V.R. Oliveira, J.G.R.C. Gomes, J. Fernandez-Berni, R. Carmona-Galan, R. del Rio and A. Rodriguez-Vazquez
Fast Background Calibration of Sampling Timing Skew in SHA-Less Pipeline ADCs  »
This brief presents a digital calibration technique for compensating timing-skew errors between the sub-ADC and the MDAC in the first stage of sample-and-hold amplifier (SHA)-less pipeline ADCs. In the presence of clock-skew errors, sub-ADC comparators produce time-variant offsets depending on the input-signal slope at the sampling instants. These increase residue excursions at the MDAC output, potentially causing overranging and an increment in nonlinear errors. This paper derives close analytical expressions for these effects. The proposed method uses the overranging information to perform a low-cost estimation and correction of the skew error with the following features: 1) very fast convergence (in the order of 1-k input samples); 2) indirect evaluation of the skew error signal, without any previous knowledge of the input signal's frequency distribution; and 3) relatively simple digital logic--basically, two digital comparators and one small accumulator. The method was verified in behavioral and transistor-level simulations. As a demonstrator, its implementation in a 1.8-V 80-dB SNDR 100-Msps SHA-less pipeline ADC in a 0.18-μm CMOS process is shown.

Journal Paper - IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, first online, 2017 IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/TVLSI.2017.2718625    ISSN: 1063-8210    » doi
A.J. Gines, E. Peralias and A. Rueda
Impact of the RT-level architecture on the power performance of tunnel transistor circuits  »
Tunnel field-effect transistors (TFETs) are one of the most attractive steep subthreshold slope devices currently being investigated as a means of overcoming the power density and energy inefficiency limitations of Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology. In this paper, we analyze the relationship between devices and register transfer-level architecture choices. We claim that architectural issues should be considered when evaluating this type of transistors because of the differences in delay versus supply voltage behavior exhibited by TFET logic gates with respect to CMOS gates. More specifically, the potential of pipelining and parallelism, both of which rely on lowering supply voltage, as power reduction techniques is evaluated and compared for CMOS and TFET technologies. The results obtained show significantly larger savings in power and energy per clock cycle for the TFET designs than for their CMOS counterparts, especially at low voltages. Pipelining and parallelism make it possibly to fully exploit the distinguishing characteristics of TFETs, and their relevance as competitive TFET circuit design solutions should be explored in greater depth.

Journal Paper - International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications, first online, 2017 JOHN WILEY & SONS
DOI: 10.1002/cta.2398    ISSN: 0098-9886    » doi
M.J. Avedillo and J. Núñez

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Last update: 09.10.2017
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