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Open position for a 2-year Researcher Job at Seville Institute of Microelectronics (IMSE-CNM) on the research line Microelectronics for Security, with possibility of extension to obtain a Ph.D. degree at University of Seville (under I+D+i Projects). [+info]
♦ PhD Talks. Faculty of Physics (US)
Lecture series of PhD students of the Faculty of Physics and related centers: Integrated system for neural stimulation with wireless power supply.
David Palomeque Mangut
December 4, 2019 · Faculty of Physics, 13:00h.
To improve the defense of microchips you have to go on the attack.
Francisco E. Potestad and Erica Tena with IES San José de la Rinconada.
November 7, 2019
♦ Doctoral Thesis defense
Digital Background Self-Calibration Technique for Compensating Transition Offsets in Reference-less Flash ADCs.
Cristina Aledo González
November 6, 2019
♦ Visits to the IMSE
IES Rodrigo Caro.
October 23, 2019

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Recent publications
Does the use of nest materials in a ground-nesting bird result from a compromise between the risk of egg overheating and camouflage?  »
Many studies addressing the use of nest materials by animals have focused on only one factor to explain its function. However, the consideration of more than one factor could explain the apparently maladaptive choice of nest materials that makes the nests conspicuous to predators. We experimentally tested whether there is a trade-off in the use of nest materials between the risks of egg predation versus protection from overheating. We studied the ground-nesting Kentish plover, Charadrius alexandrinus, in southern Spain. We added materials differing in their thermal properties and coloration to the nests, thus affecting rates of egg heating and nest temperature and camouflage. Before these manipulations, adults selected materials that were lighter than the microhabitat, probably to buffer the risk of egg overheating. However, the adults did not keep the lightest experimental materials, probably because they reduced camouflage, and this could make the nests to be even more easily detectable by predators. In all nests, adults removed most of the experimental materials independently of their properties, so that egg camouflage returned to the original situation within a week of the experimental treatments. Although the thermal environment may affect the choice of nest materials by the plovers, the ambient temperatures were not too high at our study site as to determine the acceptance of the lightest experimental materials.

Journal Paper - Biology Open, bio.042648, first online, 2019 THE COMPANY OF BIOLOGISTS
DOI: 10.1242/bio.042648    ISSN: 2046-6390    » doi
J. Gómez, G. Liñán-Cembrano, C. Ramo, M. Castro, A. Pérez-Hurtado and J.A. Amat
Article Data-Analytics Modeling of Electrical Impedance Measurements for Cell Culture Monitoring  »
High-throughput data analysis challenges in laboratory automation and lab-on-a-chip devices´ applications are continuously increasing. In cell culture monitoring, specifically, the electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing technique (ECIS), has been extensively used for a wide variety of applications. One of the main drawbacks of ECIS is the need for implementing complex electrical models to decode the electrical performance of the full system composed by the electrodes, medium, and cells. In this work we present a new approach for the analysis of data and the prediction of a specific biological parameter, the fill-factor of a cell culture, based on a polynomial regression, data-analytic model. The method was successfully applied to a specific ECIS circuit and two different cell cultures, N2A (a mouse neuroblastoma cell line) and myoblasts. The data-analytic modeling approach can be used in the decoding of electrical impedance measurements of different cell lines, provided a representative volume of data from the cell culture growth is available, sorting out the difficulties traditionally found in the implementation of electrical models. This can be of particular importance for the design of control algorithms for cell cultures in tissue engineering protocols, and labs-on-a-chip and wearable devices applications.

Journal Paper - Sensors, vol. 19, no. 21, art. 4639, 2019 MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/s19214639    ISSN: 1424-8220    » doi
E. García, P. Pérez, A. Olmo, R. Díaz, G. Huertas and A. Yúfera
A Neuromorphic Digital Circuit for Neuronal Information Encoding using Astrocytic Calcium Oscillations  »
Neurophysiological observations are clarifying how astrocytes can actively participate in information processing and how they can encode information through frequency and amplitude modulation of intracellular Ca2+ signals. Consequently, hardware realization of astrocytes is important for developing the next generation of bio-inspired computing systems. In this paper, astrocytic calcium oscillations and neuronal firing dynamics are presented by De Pittà and IF (Integrated & Fire) models, respectively. Considering highly nonlinear equations of the astrocyte model, linear approximation and single constant multiplication (SCM) techniques are employed for efficient hardware execution while maintaining the dynamic of the original models. This low-cost hardware architecture for the astrocyte model is able to show the essential features of different types of Ca2+ modulation such as amplitude modulation (AM), frequency modulation (FM), or both modes (AFM). To show good agreement between the results of original models simulated in MATLAB and the proposed digital circuits executed on FPGA, quantitative, and qualitative analyses including phase plane are done. This new neuromorphic circuit of astrocyte is able to successfully demonstrate AM/FM/AFM calcium signaling in its real operation on FPGA and has applications in self-repairing systems. It also can be employed as a subsystem for linking biological cells to artificial neuronal networks using astrocytic calcium oscillations in future research.

Journal Paper - Frontiers in Neuroscience, vol. 13, article 998, 2019 FRONTIERS RESEARCH FOUNDATION
DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2019.00998    ISSN: 1662-4548    » doi
F. Faramarzi, F. Azad, M. Amiri and B. Linares-Barranco
A High TCMRR, Charge Balanced Bidirectional Front-End for Multichannel Closed-Loop Neuromodulation  »
This paper describes a multichannel bidirectional front-end for true closed-loop neuromodulation. Stimulation artefacts are reduced via a 4-channel H-bridge current source sharing stimulators to minimize residual charge drops in the electrodes. The 4-channel sensing front-end is capable of multichannel sensing in the presence of artefacts as a result of its high total common-mode rejection ratio (TCMRR) that accounts for CMRR drop due to electrode mismatch. Experimental verification of a prototype fabricated in 180 nm process shows a stimulator front-end with 0.059% charge balance and 0.275 nA DC current error. The recording front-end consumes 3.24 μW, tolerates common-mode interference up to 1 Vpp and shows a TCMRR > 66 dB for 500 mVpp inputs.

Conference - IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference BioCAS 2019
J.L. Valtierra, R. Fiorelli, N. Pérez-Prieto, M. Delgado-Restituto and A. Rodríguez-Vázquez
A 32 Input Multiplexed Channel Analog Front-End with Spatial Delta Encoding Technique and Differential Artifacts Compression  »
This paper describes a low-noise, low-power and high dynamic range analog front-end intended for sensing neural signals. In order to reduce interface area, a 32-channel multiplexer is implemented on circuit input. Furthermore, a spatial delta encoding is proposed to compress the signal range. A differential artifact compression algorithm is implemented to avoid saturation in the signal path, thus enabling reconstruct or suppressing artifacts in digital domain. The proposed design has been implemented using 0.18 μm TSMC technology. Experimental results shows a power consumption per channel of 1.0 μW, an input referred noise of 1.1 μVrms regarding the bandwidth of interest and a dynamic range of 91 dB.

Conference - IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference BioCAS 2019
N. Pérez-Prieto, R. Fiorelli, J.L. Valtierra, P. Pérez-García, M. Delgado-Restituto and A. Rodríguez-Vázquez

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Sunday, 08 December 2019
Last update: 02.12.2019
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